This “Appendix” was printed with “The Inherent Evils of All State Governments Demonstrated,” a special reprint of the “Vindication of Natural Society” (ACS # 6) circulated by early English mutualists in 1858. The editors, while defending the philosophical Anarchism of the Vindication, viewed it as incomplete, condemning “Artificial Society” without offering guidance on how it might be ended, or “Natural Society” brought into practical being. They added this “Appendix,” to “briefly [enunciate] the principles through which ‘Natural Society’ may be gradually realized,” drawing on the work of the American individualists Josiah Warren and Stephen Pearl Andrews. The result was a fascinating commentary and document of early English mutualism.
The “Vindication of Natural Society,” published anonymously in 1756, is the first known defense of Anarchism written in the English language – arguing for a peaceful social order based upon individual conscience and mutual agreement, without legal constraint or political authority. It was later discovered to have been written by Edmund Burke, then a radical Anglo-Irish journalist. The “Vindication” went on to become a major influence on early English-speaking Anarchists such as William Godwin and the mutualist followers of Josiah Warren.